Invivogen
Menu

IRF1 KO Dual Reporter THP-1 Cells

THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 Cells Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
IRF1 Knockout - Human THP-1 Reporter Monocytes
3-7 x 10e6 cells
thpd-koirf1
+-
$1,568.00

You may also need : THP1-Dual™ Cells | View more associated products

IRF1 knockout dual reporter monocytes

THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 cells were generated from the THP1-Dual™ cell line through the stable knockout of the IRF1 gene. They feature two inducible reporter genes, allowing the concomitant study of the IRF and NF-κB pathways, by monitoring the Lucia luciferase and SEAP (secreted embryonic alkaline phosphatase) activities, respectively. There are no notable differences in the NF-κB- and IRF-mediated responses in THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 cells when compared to their parental cell line, THP1-Dual™  (see Figures).

Interferon regulatory receptor 1 (IRF1) is the founding member of a family of nuclear transcription factors that play an essential role in the immune response. Specifically, IRF1 is highly induced upon viral infection and inflammatory cytokine signaling and, depending on the cell type, promotes the expression of a distinct set of IFN-inducible genes (ISGs) [1]. Unlike the other IRFs, IRF1 acts as an amplifier of the gene expression prompted by these IRFs, and therefore there is no clear phenotype for IRF1-deficient cells [2]. IRF1 has been shown to have a range of different biological functions, including the promotion of systemic inflammatory responses, augmentation of LPS-induced oxidative stress and the expression of the immune checkpoint PD-L1 in the tumor microenvironment [1, 3].

NF-κB and IRF signaling pathways in THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 cells
NF-κB and IRF signaling pathways in THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 cells

Read More details

 

Key Features:

  • Verified knockout of the IRF1 gene (PCR, DNA sequencing, and Western blot)
  • Functionally validated with a selection of PRR ligands and cytokines
  • Readily assessable Lucia luciferase and SEAP reporter activities

Applications:

  • Defining the role of IRF1 in PRR-induced signaling, or other cell signaling pathways 
  • Highlighting the possible overlap between IRF1 and other signaling pathways
  • Studying the various biological roles of IRF1 (e.g. oxidative stress)

 

References

1. Feng, H. et al. 2021. Interferon regulatory factor 1 and anti-pathogen innate immune responses. PLoS Pathog 17, e1009220.
2. Jefferies, C.A. 2019. Regulating IRFs in IFN Driven Disease. Front Immunol 10, 325.
3. Deng, S.Y. et al. 2017. Role of IRF1 in lipopolysaccharide-induced mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress responses in macrophages. Int J Mol Med 40, 1261-1269.

Figures

Validation of IRF1 KO
Validation of IRF1 KO

Validation of IRF1 KO. (A) The targeted IRF1 region in THP1-Dual™ (WT; blue arrow) parental cells and THP1‑Dual™ KO-IRF1 (KO; red arrow) cells was amplified by PCR. THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 cells feature a frameshift deletion, causing an early stop codon and inactivation of IRF1. (B) Lysates from THP1-Dual™ (WT) and THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 (KO) cells were analyzed using an anti-human IRF1 antibody (green arrow), followed by an HRP‑conjugated anti‑rabbit secondary antibody (WES™ assay). As expected a band was detected at ~48 kDa in the WT cells only.

Functional validation of IRF1 knockout (NF-κB response)
Functional validation of IRF1 knockout (NF-κB response)

NF-κB responses in THP1-Dual™-derived cells.
THP1-Dual™ and THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 cells were incubated with 0.3 ng/ml human (h)TNF-α (NF-κB-SEAP positive control), 1000 U/ml hIFN-β (IRF-Lucia positive control), 10 ng/ml LPS-EK Ultrapure (UP; TLR4 agonist), 3 μg/ml R848 (TLR7/8 agonist), 300 ng/ml 2’3’-cGAMP (STING agonist), and 30 μg/ml 3p-hpRNA complexed with LyoVec™ (LV; RIG-I agonist).. After overnight incubation, the activation of NF-κB was assessed by measuring the activity of SEAP in the supernatant using QUANTI‑Blue™ Solution. Data are shown as optical density (OD) at 630 nm (mean ± SEM).

Functional validation of IRF1 knockout (IRF response)
Functional validation of IRF1 knockout (IRF response)

IRF responses in PMA-differentiated THP1-Dual™-derived cells.

THP1-Dual and THP1-Dual KO-IRF1 cells were pretreated with PMA (Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate; 10 ng/ml for 3 hours). After 3 days recovery, the cells were incubated with 1 ng/ml human (h)TNF (NF-κB-SEAP positive control), 1000 U/ml hIFN-β (IRF-Lucia positive control), 10 ng/ml LPS-EK Ultrapure (UP; TLR4 agonist), 3 μg/ml R848  (TLR7/8 agonist), 300 ng/ml 3p-hpRNA complexed with either LyoVec (LV) or LTX (RIG-I agonist), and 10 μg/ml 2’3’-cGAMP (STING agonist).

After overnight incubation, the IRF response was assessed by measuring the activity of Lucia luciferase in the supernatant using QUANTI-Luc™.

Data are shown as a fold increase over non-induced cells (Lucia luciferase readout).

Back to the top

Specifications

Growth medium: RPMI 1640, 2 mM L-glutamine, 25 mM HEPES, 10% (v/v) fetal bovine serum (FBS), 100 U/ml penicillin, 100 µg/ml streptomycin, 100 µg/ml Normocin™

Antibiotic resistance: Blasticidin and Zeocin®

Quality Control:

  • Biallelic IRF1 knockout has been verified by PCR, DNA sequencing, Western blot, and functional assays.
  • The stability for 20 passages, following thawing, has been verified. 
  • These cells are guaranteed mycoplasma-free. 
     

InvivoGen's products are covered by a Limited Use License (See Terms and Conditions).

Back to the top

Contents

  • 3-7 x 106 THP1-Dual™ KO-IRF1 cells in a cryovial or shipping flask
  • 1 ml of Normocin™ (50 mg/ml). Normocin™ is a formulation of three antibiotics active against mycoplasmas, bacteria, and fungi.
  • 1 ml of Zeocin® (100 mg/ml)
  • 1 ml of Blasticidin (10 mg/ml)
  • 1 pouch of QUANTI-Luc™ (Lucia luciferase detection reagent)
  • 1 ml of QB reagent and 1 ml of QB buffer (sufficient to prepare 100 ml of QUANTI-Blue™ Solution, a SEAP detection reagent)

Shipped on dry ice Shipped on dry ice (Europe, USA & Canada)

Back to the top

Details

Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) is the founding member of a family of transcription factors that play a plethora of essential roles in the IFN-dependent immune response. In resting cells, IRF1 is expressed at low levels and then is highly induced upon viral infections and inflammatory cytokine signaling [1]. Upon activation, IRF1 dimers translocate to the nucleus and, depending on the cell type, promote the expression of distinct sets of IFN-inducible genes (ISGs) [1]. Notably, IRF1-dependent gene expression upon IFN (mostly IFN-γ) signaling makes it a critical contributor to prolonged waves of ISGs [2]. IRF1 has been shown to have a range of different biological functions, including promotion of systemic inflammatory responses and apoptosis as well as augmentation of LPS-induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage [1-3]. Additionally, it has been shown that in the inflammatory tumor microenvironment, IRF1 promotes the expression of the immune checkpoint PD-L1 and thus, contributes to immune evasion [4]. Importantly, unlike other IRFs (3, 5, and 7), which are the principal mediators of IFN induction upon specific PRRs activation, IRF1 rather acts as an amplifier of the gene expression prompted by these IRFs [5].

 

1. Feng, H. et al. 2021. Interferon regulatory factor 1 and anti-pathogen innate immune responses. PLoS Pathog 17, e1009220.
2. Antonczyk, A. et al. 2019. Direct Inhibition of IRF-Dependent Transcriptional Regulatory Mechanisms Associated With Disease. Front Immunol 10, 1176.
3. Deng, S.Y. et al. 2017. Role of IRF1 in lipopolysaccharide-induced mitochondrial damage and oxidative stress responses in macrophages. Int J Mol Med 40, 1261-1269.
4. Yan, Y. et al.. 2020. Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) and IRF-2 regulate PD-L1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Cancer Immunol Immunother 69, 1891-1903.
5. Jefferies, C.A. 2019. Regulating IRFs in IFN Driven Disease. Front Immunol 10, 325.

Back to the top

FAQ Cell Lines

Visit our FAQ Any questions about our cell lines ? Visit our frequently asked questions page

Back to the top
Customer Service
& Technical Support
Shopping cart is empty