Caspase-11 KO RAW-ASC Cells
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Caspase-11 Knockout & ASC expressing RAW 264.7 cells (murine macrophages)
3-7 x 10e6 cells
Caspase-11 knockout in RAW 264.7 cells
Murine caspase-11 (CASP11) is an inflammatory caspase playing a crucial role in the non‑canonical inflammasome responses to intracellular lipopolysaccharide (LPS). InvivoGen has generatedRAW-ASC KO-CASP11 cells from the RAW-ASC cell line, which derives from the naturally ASC deficient RAW 264.7 macrophage cell line . RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 cells stably express the transfected murine ASC gene and have a stable knockout of the caspase-11 (CASP11) gene.
• RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 cells – Knockout (KO) of the CASP11 gene and expression of the murine ASC gene
The secretion of mature IL-1β is impaired in RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 cells upon activation of the non-canonical (caspase-11) inflammasome when compared to the parental cell line. However, this response is comparable to the parental RAW-ASC cells upon canonical inflammasome activation. This cell line is a useful tool to study the role of CASP11 in the inflammasome responses and is an alternative to the in vitro differentiation of mouse bone-marrow-derived macrophages.
CASP11 and its human orthologs CASP4 and CASP5 are "non-canonical inflammasomes" that sense intracellular lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria and cause inflammatory responses, independently of TLR4 [2,3]. In the context of bacterial infection, LPS can be released from lysed bacteria as “free” LPS aggregates or actively delivered to the host cell through the release of small spherical bodies that encapsulate many bacterial components (i.e. toxins, DNA, RNA, and LPS) termed outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). CASP11 directly binds to the lipid A moiety of LPS, which features a variable number of acylated fatty acid chains depending on the bacterial strain [2,3]. Of note, CASP11 expression is weak in resting cells and can be induced through NF-κB or STAT1 activation . CASP11 (and CASP4/5) cannot cleave pro-IL-1β/-18. However, they trigger the cleavage of the pore-forming protein gasdermin D (GSDMD), leading to the release of alarmins and K+ efflux. Ultimately, this induces the activation of NLRP3 and CASP1-mediated IL-1β/-18 maturation and secretion .
Read our review on Inflammasome activation
FEATURES OF RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 CELLS:
- Verified biallelic knockout of the CASP11 gene and stable expression of the ASC gene (Western blot)
- Impaired mature IL-1β secretion after non-canonical inflammasome activation by LPS
- Alternative cellular assay to the in vitro differentiation of mouse bone-marrow-derived macrophages
1. Pelerin P. et al., 2008. P2X7 receptor differentially couples to distinct release pathways for IL-1β in mouse macrophage. J. Immunol. 180:7147.
2. Kayagaki N. et al., 2011. Noncanonical inflammasome activation targets caspase-11. Nature. 479:117.
3. Kayagaki N. et al., 2015. Caspase-11 cleaves gasdermin D for non-canonical inflammasome signalling. Nature. 526:666.
4. Shi J. et al., 2014. Inflammatory caspases are innate immune receptors for intracellular LPS. Nature. 514:187.
5. Rathinam. et al., 2012. TRIF Licenses Caspase-11-Dependent NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation by Gram-Negative Bacteria. Cell. 150:606.
Validation of CASP11 KO in RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 cells by PCR and Western blot (WES™). (A) The targeted CASP11 region in RAW-ASC (WT) and RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 (KO) was amplified by PCR. RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 features a biallelic deletion (arrow). (B) Lysates from RAW-ASC (ASC) and RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 (KO) cells were analyzed using an antimouse CASP11 antibody, followed by an HRP‑conjugated anti-rabbit secondary antibody. The arrow indicates the bands for the procaspase 11 protein isoforms (expected sizes ~38 and 43 kDa).
Secretion of mature IL-1β by RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 cells and their parental RAW-ASC cells upon inflammasome activation. ~2x105 RAW-ASC (WT) and RAW-ASC‑KO‑CASP11 (KO) cells were incubated for 3h at 37°C with Pam3CSK4 (100 ng/ml) (priming) and then incubated (activation) with canonical inflammasome inducers Nigericin (5 μM) or transfected Poly(dA:dT) (1 μg/ml). After 24h, the secretion of mature murine (m)IL-1β was assessed in the culture supernatant using an ELISA assay.
Secretion of mature IL-1β by RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 cells and their parental RAW-ASC cells upon inflammasome activation. ~2x105 RAW-ASC (WT) and RAW-ASC‑KO‑CASP11 (KO) cells were incubated for 3h at 37°C with Pam3CSK4 (100 ng/ml) (priming) and then incubated (activation) with non-canonical inflammasome inducers, E. coli outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) (100 μg/ml) or transfected LPS-EK (5 μg/ml). After 24h, the secretion of mature murine (m)IL-1β was assessed in the culture supernatant using an ELISA assay. Note: Cells were pre-primed with recombinant murine IFN-γ (10 ng/ml) overnight at 37°C before priming.
Antibiotic resistance: Blasticidin
Growth medium: DMEM, 4.5 g/l glucose, 4 mM L-glutamine, 10% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum (FBS), 100 U/ml penicillin, 100 µg/ml streptomycin, 100 µg/ml Normocin™
Test medium: DMEM without phenol red, 4.5 g/l glucose, 4 mM L-glutamine, 10% heat-inactivated FBS, 100 U/ml penicillin, 100 µg/ml streptomycin.
Note: Phenol red causes high background signal in the LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) assay used to monitor inflammasome-induced cell death.
- Biallelic CASP11 knockout has been verified by DNA sequencing, PCR, Western blot (Wes™), and functional assays.
- The stability for 20 passages, following thawing, has been verified.
- These cells are guaranteed mycoplasma-free.
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- 3-7 x 106 RAW-ASC KO-CASP11 cells in a cryovial or shipping flask
- 1 ml of Normocin™ (50 mg/ml). Normocin™ is a formulation of three antibiotics active against mycoplasma, bacteria, and fungi.
- 1 ml of Blasticidin (10 mg/ml)
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