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NLRP1 Inflammasome Inducer – Val-boroPro

Val-boroPro Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
NLRP1 activator (DPP8/9 inhibitor)
10 mg
50 mg
tlrl-vbp-10
+-
$102.00
Activation of NLRP1 by Val-boroPro

Activation of NLRP1 a CARD8 by Val-boroPro

Cellular dipeptidyl peptidase DPP-8 and DPP-9 function as endogenous inhibitor of the NLRP1 and CARD8 inflammasomes via both catalytic activity and scaffolding function. Pharmacological inhibiton of DPP-8/-9 with small molecule ValboroPro (VbP) abrogates the repression of NLRP1 and CARD8 inflammasomes which trigger their self-activation. It occurs following proteasomal degradation of NLRP1 and CARD8 N-terminal domain and release of their active C-terminal domain.

NLRP1 inflammasome inducer

Val-boroPro (VbP, Talabostat), a dipeptide boronic acid, is a non-selective inhibitor of various dipeptidyl peptidases (DPPs) including DPP4, DPP8 and DPP9 [1]. It exhibits immunostimulatory properties, notably by disrupting the inhibitory interaction between DPP8/9 and the inflammasome sensor NLRP1 (NLR family member, pyrin domain containing 1). Hence, VbP is a potent inducer of NLRP1 inflammasome responses [1-3]. Moreover, this molecule has been shown to exert antitumor activity in vivo through the induction of cytokines and chemokines that participate in innate and adaptive immune responses  [1-2]. 

 

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Key features:

  • Activator of the NLRP1 inflammasome (in human and mice)
  • Pyroptosis inducer
  • Non-selective inhibitor of serine dipeptidyl peptidases
  • Each lot is functionally tested and highly pure (≥95%) 

 

References:

1. Okondo MC et al., 2017. DPP8 and DPP9 inhibition induces pro-caspase-1-dependent monocyte and macrophage pyroptosis. Nat Chem Biol. 2017;13(1):46-53.
2. Adams et al., 2004, PT-100, a Small Molecule Dipeptidyl Peptidase Inhibitor, Has Potent Antitumor Effects and Augments Antibody-Mediated Cytotoxicity via a Novel Immune Mechanism, Cancer Res 64 (15): 5471–5480.
3. Hollingsworth LR et al., 2021. DPP9 sequesters the C terminus of NLRP1 to repress inflammasome activation. Nature. 2021;592(7856):778-783.

 

Figures

Functional validation of Val-boroPro-induced NLRP1 inflammasome activation
Functional validation of Val-boroPro-induced NLRP1 inflammasome activation

Functional validation of Val-boroPro-induced NLRP1 inflammasome activation.
A.
A549-ASC-NLRP1 cells were cultered with 4 ng/ml hTNF-α overnight at 37°C, 5% CO2. The following day, the cells were further incubated with 10 µM VbP for 8 hours at 37°C, 5% CO2. The ASC::GFP speck formation were monitored using fluorescence microscopy. Scale bar: 50 μm.
B. A549-ASC and A549-ASC-NLRP1 cells were cultered with 4 ng/ml hTNF-α overnight at 37°C, 5% CO2. The following day, the cells were further incubated with 10 µM VbP for 24 hours at 37°C, 5% CO2. Cell death was assessed using the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay. Data are presented as mean +/- SEM.

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Specifications

CAS number: 150080-09-4

Synonym: Talabostat, PT-100

Working concentration range: 10 - 100 µM for cell culture assays

Molecular weight: 310.18 g/mol

Solubility: 40 mg/ml in H2O

Formula: C9H19BN2O3.CH3SO3H

Quality control:

  • Purity: ≥95% (HPLC)
  • The biological activity has been confirmed using cellular assays.
  • The absence of bacterial contamination (e.g. lipoproteins and endotoxins) is confirmed using HEK-Blue™ TLR2 and HEK-Blue™ TLR4 cells.
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Contents

 

Val-boroPro is available in two quantities:

  • 10 mg: tlrl-vpb-10
  • 50 mg: tlrl-vpb-50

Val-boroPro is shipped at room temperature.

 Upon receipt, store at -20°C.

 Resuspended product is stable for at least 1 months at -20°C when properly stored.

Alert Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

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Details

VbP (also known as Talabostat, PT-100 or L-valinyl-L-boroproline) is a non-selective DPP inhibitor able to activate both the CARD8 (caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 8) and the NLRP1 inflammasomes [1]. It weakens the inhibitory complex between DPP9 active site and the bioactive C-terminus of NLRP1 by direct competition for DPP9’s catalytic residues. As a result,  the single bound C-terminal NLRP1 is released. At the same time, the full length NLRP1 is displaced from the interaction, which leads to auto-proteolysis of its FIIND domain and to proteasomal degradation of the N-terminal domain  [3]. The bioactive C-terminal CARD domain is released, activates Caspase-1 via oligomerization with ASC proteins, and subsequently, triggers pyroptosis [2-4].

Additionally, VbP exhibits potent antitumor activity in vivo through the induction of cytokines and chemokines activating the innate and adaptive immune system [2,4]. It also increases the effect of antitumor antibodies like Rituximab and Trastuzumab in xenograft models of human CD20+ B cell lymphoma and HER2+ colon carcinoma, respectively [4].

 

1. Sato T, et al., 2019Hatano R, Iwao N, Ohnuma K, Morimoto C. DPP8 is a novel therapeutic target for multiple myeloma. Sci Rep.  2;9(1):18094.
2. Okondo MC, et al., 2017. DPP8 and DPP9 inhibition induces pro-caspase-1-dependent monocyte and macrophage pyroptosis. Nat Chem Biol. 13(1):46-53.  
3. Hollingsworth LR, et al., 2021. DPP9 sequesters the C terminus of NLRP1 to repress inflammasome activation. Nature. 592(7856):778-783. 
4. Adams et al., 2004.  PT-100, a Small Molecule Dipeptidyl Peptidase Inhibitor, Has Potent Antitumor Effects and Augments Antibody-Mediated Cytotoxicity via a Novel Immune Mechanism, Cancer Res 64 (15): 5471–5480. 

 

Chemical structure of Val-boroPro:

Chemical structure of Val-boroPro

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