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SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 Proteins

Spike-S1-His Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1-His fusion protein
50 µg
his-sars2-s1
+-
$216.00
Spike-S1-Fc Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1-Fc fusion protein
50 µg
fc-sars2-s1
+-
$216.00
Spike-S1-His (D614G) Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
SARS-CoV-2 Spike (D614G) S1-His fusion protein
50 µg
his-sars2-s1g
+-
$216.00
Spike-S1-Fc (D614G) Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
SARS-CoV-2 Spike (D614G) S1-Fc fusion protein
50 µg
fc-sars2-s1g
+-
$216.00

SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 subunit with C-term His- or Fc-tag

PROTEIN DESCRIPTION

Potential applications of soluble tagged Spike S1 proteins
Potential applications of soluble tagged Spike S1 proteins

The SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV) Spike S1 subunit plays a crucial role in the viral entry into the target cell. The S1 subunit features an N-terminal domain (S1-NTD)  and a C-terminal domain (S1-CTD). The S1-NTD is thought to mediate sugar-binding and the S1-CTD allows the virus to bind to ACE2 through the receptor-binding domain (RBD) [1-3]. In its resting conformation, S1 exerts a physical constraint on the Spike fusion subunit [3]. Early in the pandemic, the D614G amino acid mutation was identified within the Spike protein and has rapidly become the dominant variant around the world. The D614G mutation is located at the C-terminus of the S1 domain, near the furin cleavage site [4]. Research is ongoing to understand the exact mechanisms that drive conformation changes in S1 allowing subsequent membrane fusion events. S1 is a candidate for subunit vaccines against SARS-CoVs [5,6].

  • Spike-S1-His and Spike-S1-Fc were generated by fusing the SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 [V16-R685] to a C-terminal poly-histidine sequence and human IgG1 Fc region, respectively. The S1 viral sequence used is from the original Wuhan-Hu-1 (D614) isolate.
     
  • Spike-S1-His (D614G) and Spike-S1-Fc (D614G) were generated by fusing the SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 [V16-R685] to a C-terminal poly-histidine sequence and human IgG1 Fc region, respectively. The S1 viral sequence used is from the original Wuhan-Hu-1 isolate and contains the D614G mutation.
     
  • His- and -Fc-tagged proteins have been produced in HEK293 cells and CHO cells, respectively, and have been purified by affinity chromatography (See Specifications for more information).
     

APPLICATIONS

  • Vaccination studies: using combinations of Spike protein antigens and adjuvants
  • Antibody screening: finding anti-Spike antibodies that can neutralize the SARS-CoV-2 infection
  • Inhibitor screening: finding small molecules or antibodies able to block the SARS-CoV-2 RBD interaction with the ACE2 receptor
  • ACE2 cellular expression screening: in primary isolated cells or transfected cells

QUALITY CONTROL

 

Learn more on SARS-CoV-2Read our reviews discussing SARS-CoV-2

 

References

1. Li F., 2016. Structure, function, and evolution of coronavirus spike proteins. Annu.Rev. Virol. 3:237-261.
2. Li F. et al., 2005. Structure of SARS coronavirus spike receptor-binding domain complexed with receptor. Science. 309:1864-1868.
3. Walls A.C. et al.,2020. Structure, function, and antigenicity of the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein. Cell. 181(2):281-292.e6.
4. Korber B. et al., 2020. Tracking changes in SARS-CoV-2 Spike: evidence that D614G increases the infectivity of the COVID-19 virus. Cell. 182:1-16.
5. Wang N. et al., 2020. Subunit vaccines against emerging pathogenic human coronaviruses. Front. Microbiol. 11:298. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.00298.
6. Padron-Regalado E., 2020. Vaccines for SARS-CoV-2: Lessons from other coronavirus strains. Infect. Dis. Ther. DOI:10.1007/s40121-020-00300-x.

Figures

Spike-S1-His purity analysis by SDS PAGE
Spike-S1-His purity analysis by SDS PAGE

SDS PAGE analysis of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike-S1-His protein.

2 μg of the fusion protein was loaded onto a 12% Mini-PROTEAN® TGX Stain-Free™ Precast Gel (Bio-Rad). Detection was performed as per manufacturer’s instructions.

Recognition of Spike-S1-His by anAnti-SARS-CoV-Spike (CR3022) human IgM
Recognition of Spike-S1-His by anAnti-SARS-CoV-Spike (CR3022) human IgM

ELISA detection of Spike-S1-His fusion protein with an Anti-SARS-CoV spike human IgM (CR3022).

Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike hIgM antibody (5 μg/ml) was coated onto ELISA plates overnight. Following this, a 3-fold serial dilution of Spike-S1-His (red curve) or control protein (ACP5-His; grey curve) were added and incubated for 1 hour. Binding was detected using a HRP-labelled anti-His antibody (1/1000 dilution) and the HRP substrate OPD (o-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride). Absorbance was read at 490 nm.

Spike-S1-Fc purity analysis by SDS PAGE
Spike-S1-Fc purity analysis by SDS PAGE

SDS PAGE analysis of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike-S1-Fc protein.

2 μg of the fusion protein was loaded onto a 12% Mini-PROTEAN® TGX Stain-Free™ Precast Gel (Bio-Rad). Detection was performed as per manufacturer’s instructions

Recognition of Spike-S1-Fc by anAnti-SARS-CoV-Spike (CR3022) human IgM
Recognition of Spike-S1-Fc by anAnti-SARS-CoV-Spike (CR3022) human IgM

ELISA detection of Spike-S1-Fc fusion protein with an Anti-SARS-CoV spike human IgM (CR3022).

Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike hIgM antibody (5 μg/ml) was coated onto ELISA plates overnight. Following this, a 3-fold serial dilution of Spike-S1-Fc (red curve) or control protein (CTLA4-Fc; grey curve) were added and incubated for 1 hour. Binding was detected using a HRP-labelled anti-His antibody (1/1000 dilution) and the HRP substrate OPD (o-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride). Absorbance was read at 490 nm.

Spike-S1-His (D614G) purity analysis by SDS PAGE
Spike-S1-His (D614G) purity analysis by SDS PAGE

SDS PAGE analysis of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike-S1-His (D614G) protein.

2 μg of the fusion protein was loaded onto a 12% Mini-PROTEAN® TGX Stain-Free™ Precast Gel (Bio-Rad).
Detection was performed as per manufacturer’s instructions

Recognition of Spike-S1-His (D614G) by an Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike (CR3022) human IgM
Recognition of Spike-S1-His (D614G) by an Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike (CR3022) human IgM

ELISA detection of Spike-S1‑His (D614G) fusion protein with an Anti-SARS-CoV spike human IgM (CR3022).

Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike hIgM antibody (5 μg/ml) was coated onto ELISA plates overnight. Following this, a 3-fold serial dilution of Spike-S1‑His (D614G) (red curve) or control protein (ACP5-His; grey curve) were added and incubated for 1 hour. Binding was detected using a HRP-labelled anti-His antibody (1/1000 dilution) and the HRP substrate OPD (o-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride). Absorbance was read at 490 nm.

Spike-S1-Fc (D614G) purity analysis by SDS PAGE
Spike-S1-Fc (D614G) purity analysis by SDS PAGE

SDS PAGE analysis of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike-S1-Fc (D614G) protein.

1 μg of the fusion protein was loaded onto a 12% Mini-PROTEAN® TGX Stain-Free™ Precast Gel (Bio-Rad).
Detection was performed as per manufacturer’s instructions.

Recognition of Spike-S1-Fc (D614G) by an Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike (CR3022) human IgM
Recognition of Spike-S1-Fc (D614G) by an Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike (CR3022) human IgM

ELISA detection of Spike-S1‑Fc (D614G) fusion protein with an Anti-SARS-CoV spike human IgM (CR3022).

Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike hIgM antibody (5 μg/ml) was coated onto ELISA plates overnight. Following this, a 3-fold serial dilution of Spike-S1‑Fc (D614G) (red curve) or control protein (Nucleocapsid-Fc; grey curve) were added and incubated for 1 hour. Binding was detected using a HRP-labelled anti-His antibody (1/1000 dilution) and the HRP substrate OPD (o-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride). Absorbance was read at 490 nm.

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Specifications

Spike-S1-His

  • Protein construction: S1 [V16-R685] from the Spike glycoprotein with a C-terminal poly-histidine tag 
  • Accession sequence: YP_009724390 (native sequence)
  • Species: SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV); Wuhan-Hu-1 (D614) isolate
  • Tag: C-terminal poly-histidine (6 x His)
  • Total protein size: 681 a.a. (secreted form)
  • Molecular weight: ~ 123 kDa (SDS-PAGE gel)
  • Purification: Ni2+ affinity chromatography
  • Purity: >95% (SDS-PAGE)
  • Quality control:
    - The protein has been validated by ELISA upon incubation with a coated Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike-RBD hIgM mAb (clone CR3022)
    - The absence of bacterial contamination (e.g. lipoproteins and endotoxins) has been confirmed using HEK-Blue™ TLR2 and HEK-Blue™ TLR4 cellular assays.

Spike-S1-Fc

  • Protein construction: S1 [V16-R685] from the Spike glycoprotein with a C-terminal human IgG1 Fc tag 
  • Accession sequence: YP_009724390 (native sequence)
  • Species: SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV); Wuhan-Hu-1 (D614) isolate
  • Tag: C-terminal human IgG1 Fc
  • Total protein size: 920 a.a. (secreted form)
  • Molecular weight: ~124 kDa (SDS-PAGE)
  • Purification: Protein G affinity chromatography
  • Purity: >95% (SDS-PAGE)
  • Quality control:
    - The protein has been validated by ELISA upon incubation with a coated Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike-RBD hIgM mAb (clone CR3022) 
    - The absence of bacterial contamination (e.g. lipoproteins and endotoxins) has been confirmed using HEK-Blue™ TLR2 and HEK-Blue™ TLR4 cellular assays.

Spike-S1-His (D614G)

  • Protein construction: S1 [V16-R685] from the Spike glycoprotein with a C-terminal poly-histidine tag 
  • Accession sequence: YP_009724390 (native sequence)
  • Species: SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV); Wuhan-Hu-1 (D614) isolate with D614G variation
  • Tag: C-terminal poly-histidine (6 x His)
  • Total protein size: 681 a.a. (secreted form)
  • Molecular weight: ~ 114 kDa (SDS-PAGE gel)
  • Purification: Ni2+ affinity chromatography
  • Purity: >95% (SDS-PAGE)
  • Quality control:
    - The protein has been validated by ELISA upon incubation with a coated Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike-RBD hIgM mAb (clone CR3022)
    - The absence of bacterial contamination (e.g. lipoproteins and endotoxins) has been confirmed using HEK-Blue™ TLR2 and HEK-Blue™ TLR4 cellular assays.

Spike-S1-Fc (D614G)

  • Protein construction: S1 [V16-R685] from the Spike glycoprotein with a C-terminal human IgG1 Fc tag 
  • Accession sequence: YP_009724390 (native sequence)
  • Species: SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV); Wuhan-Hu-1 (D614) isolate with D614G variation
  • Tag: C-terminal human IgG1 Fc
  • Total protein size: 920 a.a. (secreted form)
  • Molecular weight: ~126 kDa (SDS-PAGE)
  • Purification: Protein G affinity chromatography
  • Purity: >95% (SDS-PAGE)
  • Quality control:
    - The protein has been validated by ELISA upon incubation with a coated Anti-SARS-CoV-Spike-RBD hIgM mAb (clone CR3022) 
    - The absence of bacterial contamination (e.g. lipoproteins and endotoxins) has been confirmed using HEK-Blue™ TLR2 and HEK-Blue™ TLR4 cellular assays.
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Contents

Spike-S1-His, Spike-S1-Fc, Spike-S1-His (D614G), and Spike-S1-Fc (D614G) contents:
(Note that each protein is sold separately)

  • 50 μg of lyophilized protein
  • 1.5 ml of endotoxin-free water

room temperature The product is shipped at room temperature.

store Lyophilized protein should be stored at -20 ̊C.

stability Resuspended protein is stable up to 1 month when stored at 4°C, and 1 year when stored at -20°C

Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

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Details

Learn more about the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein here.

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