THP1-Null2 Cells

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Positive control cell line for inflammasome studies

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3-7 x 10^6 cells


Positive control cell line for inflammasome studies

THP1-Null2 cells are derived from THP-1 human monocytic cells, the most commonly used model cell line for the study of inflammasome activation. Indeed, they express high levels of NLRP3, ASC, and pro-caspase-1 [1]. These cells produce IL-1β upon stimulation with canonical or non-canonical inflammasome inducers, such as Nigericin, MSU crystals, Alum Hydroxide, Poly(dA:dT), LPS, or E. coli outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). Moreover, they undergo pyroptotic cell death upon inflammasome activation.

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THP1-Null2 cells are the positive control cell line for InvivoGen’s THP1-KO-ASC, THP1-KO-NLRP3THP1-KO-CASP4, and THP1-KO-GSDMD cells.
These cells are resistant to Zeocin®.

For detecting and quantifying the release of mature human (h)IL-1β, InvivoGen provides HEK-Blue™ IL-1β sensor cells, which express an NF-κB-inducible SEAP reporter gene. QUANTI-Blue™ Solution allows rapid colorimetric detection and measure of SEAP activity by reading the optical density at 630-650 nm.


Read our review Read our review on Inflammasome activation



1. Schmid-Burgk, J.L et al., 2015. Caspase-4 mediates non-canonical activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in human myeloid cells. Eur. J. Immunol. 45:2911.


Inflammasome responses in THP1-Null2 cells
Inflammasome responses in THP1-Null2 cells

Mature IL-1β secretion and pyroptosis by THP1-Null2 cells upon inflammasome activation.
~3x105 THP1-Null2 cells were incubated for 3h at 37°C with LPS-EK (1 µg/ml) (priming) and then incubated (activation) with Nigericin (A: 5 µM; B: 0.15-10 µM), MSU crystals (MSU; 250 µg/ml), Alum Hydroxide (150 µg/ml), transfected Poly(dA:dT) (1 µg/ml), or E. coli outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) (100 µg/ml). After 24h, (A) the secretion of mature human (h)IL-1β was assessed in the culture supernatant using HEK-BlueTM IL-1β sensor cells which express an NF-κB SEAP reporter gene. QUANTI‑Blue™ Solution was used to measure SEAP activity. Optical density (OD) was read at 630 nm.
(B) After a 6 hour incubation with Nigericin, cell death was assessed using the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay.

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Antibiotic resistance: Zeocin®
Growth Medium: RPMI 1640, 2 mM L-glutamine, 25 mM HEPES, 10% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum, 100 μg/ml Normocin™, Pen-Strep (100 U/ml-100 μg/ml)
Guaranteed mycoplasma-free
Quality control:

These cells are covered by a Limited Use License (See Terms and Conditions).

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  • 3-7 x 106  THP1-Null2 cells in a cryovial or shipping flask.
  • 1 ml of Zeocin® (100 mg/ml). Store at 4 °C or at -20 °C.
  • 1 ml of Normocin™ (50 mg/ml). Normocin™ is a formulation of three antibiotics active against mycoplasmas, bacteria, and fungi. Store at -20 °C.

IMPORTANT: If cells are shipped frozen (i.e. in a cryovial) and are not frozen upon arrival, contact InvivoGen immediately.

Shipped on dry ice Shipped on dry ice (Europe, USA, Canada and some areas in Asia)

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THP1-Null2 cells are suited for the study of inflammasome activation. The model of functional inflammasome formation is a two-step process of priming (step 1) followed by activation (step 2). Priming (i.e. with LPS) induces the production of pro-IL-1β, the immature form of IL-1β. Subsequent stimulation with inflammasome inducers, such as Nigericin or Alum Hydroxide, leads to caspase-1 activation and IL-1β maturation and secretion. Mature IL-1β can be detected by Western blot, ELISA, or a cell-based assay.

InvivoGen has developed a cellular assay to detect bioactive IL-1β using HEK-Blue™ IL-1β reporter cells. These cells feature the SEAP (secreted embryonic alkaline phosphatase) reporter gene under the control of an NF-kB-inducible promoter. They naturally express the IL-1β receptor (IL-1R), and all the proteins involved in the MyD88-dependent IL-1R signaling pathway that leads to NF-kB activation. Thus, upon IL-1β binding to IL-1R, a signaling cascade is initiated triggering NF-kB activation and the subsequent production of SEAP. Detection of SEAP in the supernatant of HEK-Blue™ IL-1β cells can be readily assessed using QUANTI-Blue™ Solution, a SEAP detection medium. QUANTI-Blue™ Solution turns blue in the presence of SEAP which can be easily quantified using a spectrophotometer.

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Notification:  This product is for internal research use only. Additional rights may be available. Please visit InvivoGen’s Terms and Conditions.

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