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Plasmid expressing the human TLR4 gene fused to a GFP gene

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20 µg


TLR4-GFP fusion gene was generated by fusing the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene to the C terminus of human Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene. This fusion protein can be used to study the localization of TLR4. Transfected cells can be analyzed for GFP expression by flow cytometry and by Western-blotting using GFP antibodies. The TLR4-GFP fusion gene is cloned in the pUNO plasmid under the control of the strong and ubiquitous mammalian promoter EF1α/HTLV.

hTLR4::GFP fusion gene has been fully sequenced, its fluorescence confirmed and its function tested in HEK293 cells coexpressing MD2 and CD14 genes (pDUO-hMD2-CD14) and an NF-κB reporter plasmid (pNiFty-SEAP).


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Human TLR4::GFP fusion gene (3369 bp)

Selectable with Blasticidin in both E. coli and mammalian cells

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pUNO1 Contents

  • 20 µg of lyophilized DNA
  • 2 x 1 ml blasticidin at 10 mg/ml


room temperature Product is shipped at room temperature.

store Lyophilized DNA should be stored at -20°C. Upon receipt, store blasticidin at 4°C or -20°C.

stability Resuspended DNA should be stored at -20°C and is stable for up to 1 year.

Alert Blasticidin is a harmful compound. Refer to the safety data sheet for handling instructions.

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Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is the receptor for Gram-negative lipopolysaccharide (LPS) [1]. TLR4 alone is not sufficient to confer LPS responsiveness. It forms a complex with the lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) and the coreceptors CD14 and MD2. LPS-stimulated TLR4 signals through through different adaptor proteins: MyD88, TIRAP/Mal [2], TRIF/TICAM1 and TRAM/TICAM2 [3].

The hTLR4::GFP fusion gene was generated by fusing at the C terminus of the human TLR4 gene to a GFP variant. A synthetic intron was added between both moieties to increase the activity of GFP. This hybrid protein absorbs blue light (major peak at 480 nm) and emits green light (major peak at 505 nm). The hTLR4::GFP fusion gene is under the control of the strong and ubiquitous hEF1/HTLV promoter. This composite promoter comprises the Elongation Factor-1α (EF-1α) core promoter [4] and the R segment and part of the U5 sequence (R-U5’) of the Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus (HTLV) Type 1 Long Terminal Repeat [5]. The SV40 late polyadenylation signal enables efficient cleavage and polyadenylation reactions resulting in high levels of steady-state mRNA.


1. Poltorak A. et al., 1998. Defective LPS signaling in C3H/HeJ and C57BL/10ScCr mice: mutations in Tlr4 gene. Science, 282(5396): 2085-8.
2. Horng T,. GM. Barton, and R. Medzhitov, 2001. TIRAP: an adapter molecule in the Toll signaling pathway. Nat Immunol, 2(9):835-41.
3. Fitzgerald KA. et al., 2003. LPS-TLR4 Signaling to IRF-3/7 and NF-{kappa}B Involves the Toll Adapters TRAM and TRIF. J Exp Med. 198(7):1043-1055.
4. Kim et al. (1990). Use of the human elongation factor 1 alpha promoter as a versatile and efficient expression system. Gene 2: 217-223.
5. Takebe et al. (1988). SR alpha promoter: an efficient and versatile mammalian cDNA expression system composed of the simian virus 40 early promoter and the R-U5 segment of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 long terminal repeat. Mol. Cell Biol. 1: 466-472.

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