|HSV-60 Naked||Unit size||Cat. code||Docs||Qty||Price|
|HSV-60/LyoVec™||Unit size||Cat. code||Docs||Qty||Price|
CDS Agonist - LyoVec™ complexed
HSV-60 is a 60 bp oligonucleotide containing viral DNA motifs that derive from the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) genome . Transfected HSV-60 potently induces an immune response following recognition by the cytosolic DNA sensors (CDSs), DEAD-box protein 41 (DDX41)  or interferon γ-inducible protein 16 (IFI16) . IFI16 induces innate immune responses against single-stranded (ss)and double-stranded (ds) intracellular DNA while DDX41 detects not only viral dsDNA but also bacterial cyclic dinucleotides. DDX41 and IFI16 activation trigger type I interferon (IFN) induction via the STING/TBK1 pathway.
Mode of action:
Intracellular DNA from pathogens is recognized by multiple CDSs, which display contextual preferences for the recognition of DNA .
Transfected HSV-60 has been shown to potently induce IFN-β in a Toll-like receptor (TLR)-, DNA-dependent activator of IRFs (DAI)-, and RNA polymerase III (Pol III)-independent, but STING-, TBK1- and IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3)-dependent manner [1,2]. Studies have demonstrated that transfected HSV-60 is recognized by DDX41  and IFI16 .
In order to facilitate its intracellular delivery, HSV-60 should be complexed with a cationic lipid transfection agent, such as LyoVec™.
Key features of HSV-60:
- Potent inducer of type I IFNs
- Available complexed with the cationic lipid LyoVec™
- Each lot is functionally validated
1. Unterholzner L. et al., 2010. IFI16 is an innate immune sensor for intracellular DNA. Nat Immunol. 11(11):997-1004.
2. Zhang Z. et al., 2011. The helicase DDX41 senses intracellular DNA mediated by the adaptor STING in dendritic cells. Nat Immunol.12(10):959-65.
Activity: CDS agonist
Formulation: naked or complexed with the transfection reagent LyoVec™
5’ TAAGACACGATGCGATAAAATCTGTTTGTAAAATTTATTAAGGGTACAAATTGCCCTAGC 3’
3’ ATTCTGTGCTACGCTATTTTAGACAAACATTTTAAATAATTCCCATGTTTAACGGGATCG 5’
- The biological activity has been verified using cellular assays.
- The absence of bacterial contamination, such as lipoproteins and endotoxins, has been confirmed using HEK-Blue™ TLR2 and HEK-Blue™ TLR4 cells.
- 200 µg lyophilized HSV-60 Naked
- 1.5 ml endotoxin-free water
100 µg lyophilized HSV-60/LyoVec™
Note: Each vial contains 25 μg of HSV-60 complexed with 50 μg LyoVec™.
- 10 ml endotoxin-free water
Product is shipped at room temperature.
Stored at -20°C.Back to the top
IFN γ-inducible protein 16 (IFI16) and its murine orthologue p204 induce innate immune responses against single-stranded (ss) and double-stranded (ds) cytosolic DNA [1,2]. Located predominantly in the nucleus and in small fractions in the cytoplasm, IFI16 can function to activate type I interferon (IFN) responses via STING-mediated phosphorylation of TBK1 and IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) . IFI16 has been reported to sense the DNA of several viruses such as herpesviruses (HSV), cytomegalovirus, and Epstein-Barr virus .
DEAD-box protein 41 (DDX41) has been shown to induce IFN-β responses upon stimulation with poly(dA:dT), HSV-1, Listeria monocytogenes, and adenovirus [4,5]. This IFN-β induction by DDX41 has been shown to occur via the STING/TBK1/IRF3 signaling pathway. DDX41 was also found to bind to and control the IFN response to cyclic-dinucleotides (CDNs) such as cyclic-di-AMP and cyclic-di-GMP .
1. Zahid A. et al, 2020. Molecular and Structural Basis of DNA Sensors in Antiviral Innate Immunity. Front Immunol. 2020 Nov 30;11:613039.
2. Unterholzner L. et al., 2010. IFI16 is an innate immune sensor for intracellular DNA. Nat Immunol. 11(11):997-1004.
3. Stratmann S.A. et al., 2015. The innate immune sensor IFI16 recognizes foreign DNA in the nucleus by scanning along the duplex. Elife (2015) 4:e11721.
4. Zhang Z. et al., 2011. The helicase DDX41 senses intracellular DNA mediated by the adaptor STING in dendritic cells. Nat Immunol.12(10):959-65.
5. Stein S.C.& Falck-Pedersen E., 2012. Sensing adenovirus infection: activation of interferon regulatory factor 3 in RAW 264.7 cells. J Virol. 86:4527–4537.
6. Parvatiyar K. et al., 2012. The helicase DDX41 recognizes the bacterial secondary messengers cyclic di-GMP and cyclic di-AMP to activate a type I interferon immune response. Nat Immunol. 13:1155–1161.
Back to the top