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Poly(dG:dC)

Poly(dG:dC) naked Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
dsDNA naked
200 µg
tlrl-pgcn
+-
$267.00
Poly(dG:dC) / LyoVec™ Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
dsDNA/LyoVec complexes
100 µg
tlrl-pgcc
+-
$292.00

Synthetic double-stranded DNA

Poly(dG:dC) is a poly(deoxyguanylic-deoxycytidylic) acid sodium salt. It is a repetitive synthetic double-stranded DNA sequence of poly(dG-dC)•poly(dC-dG).

Intracellular poly(dG:dC) is detected by several cytosolic DNA sensors (CDS), such as cGAS [1], DAI [2], DDX41 [2, 3], IFI16 [2, 3] and LRRFIP1 [2, 4], triggering the production of type I interferons (IFNs). This induction of IFN appears to be mediated by the endoplasmic reticulum protein STING [1, 4, 5].

Moreover, Poly(dG:dC) activates the cytosolic DNA sensor AIM2 (absent in melanoma 2) to trigger inflammasome formation, leading to the secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 [6]. 

To achieve stimulation of cytosolic DNA sensors, Poly(dG:dC) must be delivered into the cytoplasm, for example by using a transfection agent, such as LyoVec™.

 

Key features of Poly(dG:dC):

  • Poly(dG:dC) is a cytosolic DNA sensor (CDS) agonist
  • Each lot is functionally tested
  • For your convenience, pre-complexed Poly(dG:dC)/ LyoVec™ is also available

 

References:

1. Unterholzner L., 2013. The interferon response to intracellular DNA: why so many receptors? Immunobiology. 218(11):1312-21.
2. Takaoka A. et al., 2007. DAI (DLM-1/ZBP1) is a cytosolic DNA sensor and an activator of innate immune response. Nature. 448(7152):501-5.
3. Zhang Z. et al., 2011. The helicase DDX41 senses intracellular DNA mediated by the adaptor STING in dendritic cells. Nat Immunol. 12(10):959-65.
4. Yang P. et al., 2010. The cytosolic nucleic acid sensor LRRFIP1 mediates the production of type I interferon via a beta-catenin-dependent pathway. Nat Immunol. 11(6):487-94.
5. Wu J. et al., 2013. Cyclic GMP-AMP is an endogenous second messenger in innate immune signaling by cytosolic DNA. Science. 339(6121):826-30.
6. Jones JW. et al., 2010. Absent in melanoma 2 is required for innate immune recognition of Francisella. PNAS, 107(21):9771-6.

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Specifications

Activity: CDS agonist

Formulation: naked or complexed with the transfection reagent LyoVec™

CAS number: 90385-88-9

Solubility: 2 mg/ml in physiological water

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Contents

Poly(dG:dC) Naked

  • 200 µg of Poly(dG:dC) Naked
  • 1.5 ml sterile endotoxin-free physiological water (150 mM NaCl)

Poly(dG:dC)/LyoVec™

  • 4 x 25 μg lyophilized poly(dG:dC)/LyoVec™
    Note: Each vial contains 25 μg of poly(dG-dC)•poly(dC-dG) complexed with 50 μg LyoVec.
  • 10 ml sterile endotoxin-free water

room temperature Product is shipped at room temperature.

store Upon receipt, store lyophilized product at -20°C.

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Details

Responses of B16-Blue IFNalpha/beta cells to dsDNA and dsRNA

Responses of B16-Blue™ IFNα/β cells to dsDNA and dsRNA:

B16-Blue™ IFNα/β cells were stimulated with increasing concentrations of poly(dA:dT), poly(dG:dC) or 5’ppp-dsRNA complexed extemporaneously with the transfection reagent LyoVec™.
After 24h incubation, induction of type I IFNs was assessed by determining the levels of SEAP using QUANTI-Blue™, a SEAP detection medium.

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