Poly(I:C) (HMW) Biotin

Poly(I:C) (HMW) Biotin Unit size Cat. code Docs Qty Price
Biotin-labeled polyinosine-polycytidylic acid
10 µg

Biotin-labeled synthetic analog of dsRNA

TLR3 activation by Poly(I:C) Biotin
TLR3 activation by Poly(I:C) Biotin

Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin is biotin-labeled Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) agonist. It was chemically produced by covalent coupling of biotin with high molecular weight polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C) HMW). Poly(I:C) HMW, with an average size of 1.5-8 kb, comprises long strands of inosine poly(I) homopolymer annealed to strands of cytidine poly(C) homopolymer. The labeled ligand retains the biological activity of poly(I:C).

Poly(I:C) is a synthetic analog of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), a molecular pattern associated with viral infection. Both natural and synthetic dsRNAs are known to induce type I interferon (IFN) production [1]. Depending on its location in the cell, poly(I:C) can activate distinct pattern recognition receptor (PRR) pathways: endosomal poly(I:C) activates TLR3 [2], whereas cytosolic poly(I:C) activates retinoic acid-inducible protein I (RIG-I) [3], melanoma differentiation-associate gene 5 (MDA-5) [4], and protein kinase RNA-activated (PKR) [5]. Activation of these PRRs results in the induction of multiple signaling pathways, including NF-κB and IFN regulatory factors (IRFs).

Poly(I :C) HMW Biotin can be used for various applications, including histochemical staining, cytometry, fluorescence microscopy, and ligand binding assays [6, 7].

InvivoGen's Poly(I :C) HMW Biotin is of the highest quality and guaranteed free of bacterial contamination. Each lot is thoroughly tested to ensure the absence of lot-to-lot variation.

Key features of Poly(I:C) Biotin:

  • Potent inducer of TLR3 activity
  • Designed to assess Poly(I:C) binding
  • Each lot is functionally tested



1. Kawasaki T. & Kawai T., 2014. Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. Front Immunol. 5:461.
2. Alexopoulou L. et al., 2001. Recognition of double-stranded RNA and activation of NF-κB by Toll-like receptor 3. Nature, 413:732-8.
3. Kawai T. & Akira S., 2008. Toll-like receptor and RIG-I-like receptor signaling. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1143:1-20.
4. McCartney S. et al., 2009. Distinct and complementary functions of MDA5 and TLR3 in poly(I:C)-mediated activation of mouse NK cells. J Exp Med. 206(13):2967-76.
5. Lemaire P.A. et al., 2008. Mechanism of PKR Activation by dsRNA. J Mol Biol. 381(2):351-60.
6. Hasan M. et al, 2011. Antimicrobial peptides inhibit polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid-induced immune responses. J Immunol. 187(11):5653-9.
7. Sugimoto N. et al., 2014. Helicase proteins DHX29 and RIG-I cosense cytosolic nucleic acids in the human airway system. PNAS. 111(21):7747-52.


TLR3 activation by Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin
TLR3 activation by Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin

HEK-Blue™ hTLR3 cells (50,000 cells/well) were stimulated with increasing concentrations of unlabeled and biotin-labeled Poly(I:C) HMW. After overnight incubation, the NF-κB response was determined using QUANTI‑Blue™ Solution, a SEAP detection reagent, and by reading the optical density (OD) at 630 nm.

Binding of Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin to TLR3
Binding of Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin to TLR3

Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin (1 μg), or unlabeled Poly(I:C) HMW (1 μg), was added to 500,000 cells/ml of RAW‑Blue™ cells which express TLR3 and incubated overnight at 37°C. Following this incubation, cells were permeabilized and then incubated with PE‑labeled anti‑biotin antibody (500 ng) for 30 minutes at 4°C. The binding affinity was then measured using flow cytometry. The unshaded red area indicates positive staining, while the shaded blue area represents the unlabeled Poly(I:C) HMW control.

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Specificity: TLR3 agonist 

Synonym: Biotinylated poly I:C

Solubility: 100 µg/ml in H2O

Working concentration: 30 ng - 1 μg/ml

Quality control:

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Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin is provided lyophilized:

  • 10 µg Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin
  • 1.5 ml endotoxin-free water

Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin is shipped at room temperature

Upon receipt it should be stored at -20°C for up to 6 months.

Upon resuspension, Poly(I:C) HMW Biotin should be aliquoted and stored at -20˚C.

Resuspended product is stable 3 months at -20°C.

Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

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