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Phorbol myristate acetate - NF-kB Activator
Phorbol myristate acetate. NF-κB Activator
Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), also known as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), is a specific activator of Protein Kinase C (PKC) and hence activates nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). NF-κB is a transcription factor that regulates numerous physiological functions and is involved in the pathogenesis of various diseases. It has been identified as a potential therapeutic target in inflammatory processes, cancer, and autoimmune diseases.
PMA is the most common and potent phorbol ester. It is active at nanomolar concentrations and activates NF-κB in a dose-dependent manner . PMA causes a wide range of effects in cells and tissues and is a very potent mouse skin tumor promoter [2, 3].
InvivoGen’s PMA is designed to study the NF-κB pathway in cellular assays.
Key Features of PMA:
- Potent activator of NF-κB in vitro
- Each lot of PMA is highly pure (≥98%) and functionally tested
1. Hellweg C.E. et al., 2006. Activation of nuclear factor kappa B by different agents: influence of culture conditions in a cell-based assay. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1091:191-204.
2. Chang MS. et al., 2005. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate upregulates cyclooxygenase-2 expression in human pulmonary epithelial cells via Ras, Raf-1, ERK, and NF-kappaB, but not p38 MAPK, pathways. Cell Signal. 17(3):299-310.
3. Fürstenberger G. et al., 1981. Skin tumor promotion by phorbol esters is a two-stage process. PNAS. 78(12):7722-6.
Working concentration: 10 ng - 1 µg/ml
CAS number: 16561-29-8
Molecular weight: 616.8 g/mol
Solubility: DMSO (5 mg/ml)Back to the top
- 5 mg Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)
- 1.5 ml endotoxin-free water
Product is shipped at room temperatureBack to the top