Recombinant anti-PD-L1 antibodies (D265A) - InvivoFit™

Product Unit size Cat. code Docs. Qty. Price

Anti-mPD-L1-mIgG1e3 (10F.9G2)

Mouse PD-L1 (10F.9G2) antibody - Mouse IgG1, effectorless - InvivoFit™

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1 mg

10 mg

50 mg


Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 (Atezo)

Mouse/human PD-L1 (Atezolizumab) antibody - Mouse IgG1, effectorless - InvivoFit™

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1 mg

10 mg

50 mg


InvivoGen’s engineered Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 InvivoFit™ antibodies
InvivoGen’s engineered Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 InvivoFit™ antibodies

Recombinant anti-PD-L1 antibodies for in vivo use

InvivoGen offers two murinized monoclonal antibodies (mAb) targeting PD-L1 (programmed cell death ligand 1), and therefore blocking the interaction with its receptor PD-1:

  • Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 (10F.9G2) InvivoFit™ features the variable region of the rat-derived clone 10F.9G2, targeting mouse PD-L1 [1].
  • Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 (Atezo) InvivoFit™ features the variable region of atezolizumab, recognizing human and mouse PD-L1 [2].

The original anti-mPD-L1-rIgG2b (clone 10F.9G2) is the most commonly used PD-L1-targeting mAb in mouse in vivo studies. Atezolizumab (anti-PD-L1-hIgG1, also known as MPDL3280A) is a fully humanized therapeutic mAb, approved by the FDA for the treatment of various types of cancer [3]. Interestingly, it binds both human and mouse PD-L1. Upon repeated injections into mice, these mAbs can lead to immunogenicity and risks of fatal hypersensitivity reaction, since they are humanized and rat-derived, respectively [4].


To overcome these issues, InvivoGen replaced the humanized (Atezo) and rat-derived (10F.9G2) constant regions with a murine constant region, making the mAbs ~65% of murine origin. Both mAbs now harbor an engineered murine IgG1 constant region (mIgG1e3). Within that region, a point mutation was introduced changing the aspartic (D) acid at position 265  to an alanine (A) (D265A). This leads to a complete loss of unwanted Fc-associated effector functions [5]. These alterations increase antibody performance and overcome immunogenic events, especially in vivo [6].

Both antibodies are produced in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and purified by affinity chromatography with protein A.  Its binding is validated by flow cytometry and ELISA. InvivoGen's anti-PD-L1 mAbs are provided in an InvivoFit™ grade, a high-quality standard specifically adapted to in vivo studies.


Key features of Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 InvivoFit™ antibodies

  • Derived from well-referenced clones: 10F.9G2 or Atezolizumab (aka MPDL3280A) 
  • Feature mouse IgG1e3 isotype (constant region)
  • mIgG1e3 (IgG1 with a D265A point mutation) is effectorless
  • Filter-sterilized (0.2 µm), endotoxin level: 1 EU/mg
  • Suitable for parenteral delivery in mice (azide-free)
  • Low aggregation < 5%
  • Produced in animal-free facilities and defined media

Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1; also called B7-H1 or CD274) binds to programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) on T cells and contributes to T cell exhaustion during chronic infections. Moreover, the engagement of PD-1 on T cells and PD-L1 on malignant cells is associated with the immune escape of tumors. Clinical trials have highlighted the anti-tumor efficacy of blockades targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway [7].  

More details More details



1. Eppihimer MJ, et al. 2002. Expression and regulation of the PD-L1 immunoinhibitory molecule on microvascular endothelial cells. Microcirculation.9(2):133-45.
2. Lesniak W.G. et al., 2016. PD-L1 Detection in Tumors Using [(64)Cu]Atezolizumab with PET. Bioconjug Chem. 27(9):2103-10.
3. Emens LA, et al., 2019. Long-term Clinical Outcomes and Biomarker Analyses of Atezolizumab Therapy for Patients With Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: A Phase 1 Study. JAMA Oncol. 5(1):74-82.
4. Mall C. et al., 2016. Repeated PD-1/PD-L1 monoclonal antibody administration induces fatal xenogenic hypersensitivity reactions in a murine model of breast cancer. Onco Immunol. 5(2):e1075114.
5. Baudino L. et al., 2008. Crucial role of aspartic acid at position 265 in the CH2 domain for murine IgG2a and IgG2b Fc-associated effector functions. J. Immunol. 181(9):6664-9.
6. Brüggemann M. et al., 1989. The immunogenicity of chimeric antibodies. J. Exp. Med. 170:2153-2157.
7. McDermott D. & Atkins M. 2013. PD-1 as a potential target in cancer therapy. Cancer Med. 2(5): 662–673.


Binding specificity to recombinant mouse or human PD-L1
Binding specificity to recombinant mouse or human PD-L1

Binding specificity to recombinant mouse or human PD-L1. Mouse or human PD-L1 (2 µg/ml) was coated on ELISA plates overnight. A 3-fold serial dilution of the Anti-mPD-L1-mIgG1e3 (F10.9G2) InvivoFit™ (red curve), Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 (Atezo) InvivoFit™ (blue curve), or of the Anti-β-Gal-mIgG1e3 control antibody (grey curve) was performed for the capture step. An HRP-labelled anti-mIgG antibody (1/1000 dilution) and the HRP substrate OPD (o-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride) were used for the detection step. Absorbance was read at 650 nm.

Validation of Anti-PD-L1 InvivoFit™ mAbs by flow cytometry
Validation of Anti-PD-L1 InvivoFit™ mAbs by flow cytometry

Cell surface staining of mouse PD-L1. EL4-mPD-L1 cells were incubated with 2 µg of Anti-mPD-L1-mIgG1e3 (10F.9G2), Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 (Atezo) InvivoFit™ mAb, or isotype control for 1h at 4°C. Subsequently, a secondary PE-labeled antibody was added and incubated at 4°C for 30 minutes. Cell surface staining was analyzed by flow cytometry.

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Specificity: Targets cells expressing murine or human PD-L1

Formulation: Lyophilized from 0.2 μm filtered solution in 150 mM sodium chloride, 20 mM sodium phosphate buffer with 5% saccharose

Clonality: Monoclonal antibodies

Isotype: Murine IgG1e3 (D265A mutation; no effector function), kappa

Control: mIgG1e3 InvivoFit™ isotype control

Source: CHO cells

Purity: Purified by affinity chromatography with protein A

Tested Applications: Flow cytometry and ELISA

Quality control:

  • Binding confirmed by flow cytometry
  • The complete sequence of these antibodies has been verified
  • < 5% aggregates (confirmed by size exclusion chromatography)
  • Endotoxin level <1 EU/mg (determined by the LAL assay)
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Please note: each mAb is sold separately. 
All products are filter-sterilized (0.2 µm), endotoxin-free, azide-free, and lyophilized. 

Anti-PD-mL1-mIgG1e3 (10F.9G2) InvivoFit™

  • mpdl1c2-mab15-1 : 1 mg
  • mpdl1c2-mab15-10 : 10 mg
  • mpdl1c2-mab15-50 : 50 mg (5 x 10 mg)

Anti-PD-L1-mIgG1e3 (Atezo) InvivoFit™

  • pdl1-mab15-1 : 1 mg
  • pdl1-mab15-10 : 10 mg
  • pdl1-mab15-50 : 50 mg (5 x 10 mg)


room temperature The product is shipped at room temperature.

store Store lyophilized antibody at -20 °C.

stability Lyophilized product is stable for at least 1 year.

Alert Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

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InvivoFit™ is a high-quality standard specifically adapted for in vivo studies. InvivoFit™ products are filter-sterilized (0.2 µm) and filled under strict aseptic conditions in a clean room. The level of bacterial contaminants (endotoxins and lipoproteins) in each lot is verified using a LAL assay and a TLR2 and TLR4 reporter assay.

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Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), also known as cluster of differentiation 274 (CD274) or B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1) is a transmembrane protein that can be constitutively expressed or induced in myeloid, lymphoid, and normal epithelial cells, as well as in cancer [1, 2]. PD-L1 is the principal ligand for programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and under physiological conditions, this interaction is essential for immune tolerance to prevent excessive immune cell activity.

However, PD-L1 expression is an immune evasion mechanism exploited by various malignancies and is generally associated with poorer prognosis [3]. Specifically, overexpressed PD-L1 on tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating immune cells, such as macrophages, can bind to PD-1 on cytotoxic T cells, and ultimately inhibit the anti-tumor T cell response [2, 4]. Thus, due to PD-L1’s instrumental role in immune evasion by cancer cells, there are numerous inhibitors in development as promising immuno-oncology therapies. Notably, Atezolizumab (also known as MPDL3280A), a fully humanized IgG1 (N298A) mAb that blocks the interaction of PD-L1 with PD-1 and induces anti-tumor immune reactivation, has been approved by the FDA for combinational use in the treatment of lung and breast cancer [2, 5].



1. Juneja, V.R. et al. 2017. PD-L1 on tumor cells is sufficient for immune evasion in immunogenic tumors and inhibits CD8 T cell cytotoxicity. J Exp Med 214, 895-904.
2. Kythreotou, A. et al. 2018. PD-L1. J Clin Pathol 71, 189-194.
3. Sun, C. et al. 2018. Regulation and Function of the PD-L1 Checkpoint. Immunity 48, 434-452.
4. Lau, J. et al. 2017. Tumour and host cell PD-L1 is required to mediate suppression of anti-tumour immunity in mice. Nat Commun 8, 14572.
5. Heimes, A.S. & Schmidt, M. 2019. Atezolizumab for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer. Expert Opin Investig Drugs 28, 1-5.

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