Inflammasome

Inflammasomes are large intracellular multiprotein complexes that play a central role in innate immunity. They detect and respond to a large range of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), including bacterial flagellin, and damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), such as uric acid crystals.

Inflammasomes contain a member of the NOD-like receptor (NLR) family, such as NLRP3 and IPAF, by which they are defined. The NLR protein recruits the inflammasome-adaptor protein ASC, which in turn interacts with caspase-1 leading to its activation. Once activated, caspase-1 promotes the maturation of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18.

Inflammasome activation is crucial for host defense to pathogens but recent studies have also found a role for the inflammasomes in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis and atherosclerosis.

More info on Inflammasome

To further understand how inflammasomes are activated, InvivoGen provides a number of molecules known as inflammasome inducers or inflammasome inhibitors, as well as several cell lines.

 

Disclaimer: Our products are provided for research purpose only. Commercial applications may require licensing from third parties.
Note that the sequence of available ORFs provided by InvivoGen can differ from a given reference Genbank record due to genetic variations and/or alternative splicing. Customers should verify that the version of a gene sold by InvivoGen is suitable for the customer needs.
Copyrights © 2011-2013 InvivoGen. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction of any materials from this site is strictly forbidden without permission for commercial use. Nonprofit use for non-commercial research and educational purposes is permitted, citation should include the URL "www.invivogen.com".