pNiFty2-Luc plasmid is composed of three key elements: an ELAM proximal promoter, five NF-κB repeated transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) and a Luc (Luciferase) reporter gene.

pNiFty2-Luc  plasmid is selectable with Zeocin™ in both E. coli and mammalian cells, and can be used to generate stable clones.


Transcription factor binding sites: NF-κB (5x)
Minimal Promoter: ELAM
Selection: Zeocin™
Reporter Gene:  Luciferase


pNiFty2-Luc plasmid is provided as 20 µg lyophilized DNA with 4 pouches of Fast-Media® (2 TB and 2 Agar), containing Zeocin™.

Products are shipped at room temperature and should be stored at -20°C.


Minimal promoter

The proximal promoters are shorter than 500 bp and contain transcription factor binding sites. Upon stimulation in 293 cells, their expression level remains undetectable. With the addition of repeated TFBS, the proximal promoters become inducible by the appropriate stimulus and drive the expression of the reporter gene.

ELAM promoter: the proximal promoter of the endothelial cell-leukocyte adhesion molecule (ELAM-1; E-selectin) gene contains three NF-κB sites and is truly NF-kB specific, as it lacks an AP1/CREB site found in the full-length promoter [1, 2].

Transcription factor binding sites (TFBS)

NF-kB binding site: Nuclear factor (NF)-κB is a “rapid-acting” primary transcription factor activated by a wide variety of PRRs. NF-κB is a protein complex that belongs to the Rel-homology domain-containing protein family. The prototypical NF-κB is composed of the p65(RelA) and p50 subunits [3]. NF-κB binds specific decameric DNA sequences (GGGRNNYYCC, R-purine Y=pyrimidine) and activates genes involved in the regulation of the innate and adaptative immune response.

Reporter Genes

Luc reporter gene: The firefly luciferase gene is a highly sensitive reporter gene and thus is ideal for detecting low-level gene expression. Luc activity can be quantified in cell extracts by using kits commercially available from other companies.

1. Schindler U., Baichwal VR., 1994. Three NF-kappa B binding sites in the human E-selectin gene required for maximal tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced expression. Mol Cell Biol. 14(9):5820-31.
2. Jensen LE. & Whitehead AS., 2003. ELAM-1/E-selectin promoter contains an inducible AP-1/CREB site and is not NFkB-specific. Biotechniques 35:54-58.
3. Kawai T. & Akira S., 2007. Signaling to NF-kappaB by Toll-like receptors. Trends Mol Med. 13(11):460-9.


pNiFty2 Map


Recent articles using InvivoGen pNiFty2-Luc



Description pNiFty2 : NF-κB(5x) - ELAM - ZeoR - Luc
Cat. Codepnifty2-luc
Unit Size20 µg
Price For price or distributor address,
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